The Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC) is an expert body with advisory capacity established by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) as one of the principal organs working independently in the area of human rights.
The broad contours of an effective and independent human rights mechanism were envisaged in the OIC Ten-Year Programme of Action adopted by the 3rd Extraordinary Islamic Summit held in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, Saudi Arabia, on 7-8 December 2005. Accordingly, the creation of IPHRC was enunciated in the New OIC Charter adopted by 11th Islamic Summit held in Dakar, Senegal, on 13-14 March 2008. The Commission was formally launched with the adoption of its Statute by the 38th Session of the Council of Foreign Ministers (CFM) held in Astana, Kazakhstan, on 28-30 June 2011.
The IPHRC Secretariat relocated from the OIC General Secretariat building to its independent Headquarters, which was provided by the Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in March 2017 in its capacity as the host country.
The Commission has since emerged as a fully functional human rights mechanism pursuing its multidimensional objectives and mandates. From its first regular session, the Commission adopted a set of five guiding principles for its work which include the principles of complementarity, introspection, prioritization, incremental approach and credibility.
Within the first year of its creation, the Commission identified concrete areas of priority, namely “rights of Women and Children”, “right to Education” with focus on “Human Rights Education”, “Right to Development”, “Islamophobia and Muslim minorities” as well as “Palestine”.
IPHRC has also offered assistance to Member States in a variety of human rights areas such as reviewing and preparing the domestic legislations vis-à-vis obligations under international human rights instruments etc.
Since its inception the commission has deliberated on a number of important issues of contemporary concern such as rights of women and children, right to development, combating Islamophobia, extremism and intolerance as well as human rights situations in different countries.
Besides writing a number of reports on specific subjects required by the CFM such as HR situation in the Central African Republic, Negative impact of Economic and Financial Sanctions on the full enjoyment of human rights of people of the OIC Targeted Countries and Combating Islamophobia, it has also finalized its Rules of Procedures, established specific working groups / mechanisms to work on core issues of concern to the Commission.
IPHRC regularly interacts with other regional and international Human Rights mechanisms and looks forward to collaborating on issues of common concern for strengthening universal values of human rights at all levels. Details of its activities including regular sessions and other seminars / workshops, as well as participation in various meetings are available on its website, IPHRC is determined to play its due role within Member States and beyond.
In the process, it welcomes views and suggestions in the interest of advancing the noble Islamic principles of justice and equality and for realizing the laudable ideals recognized by Universal Declaration of Human Rights in its first preamble: “..the inherent dignity and equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world”.