At the conclusion of its two days international seminar on the “negative impact of economic and financial sanction on the full enjoyment of human rights by the peoples of the targeted countries”, the OIC Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC) stated that any economic, financial and commercial
measures or sanctions, in particular the unilateral coercive measures and sanctions, which contravene the obligations committed to by the Member States in Articles 55 and 56 of the UN Charter (referring to human rights), must be considered as unlawful and be rejected.
The Outcome Document of the IPHRC Seminar, which was held in Tehran from 15-16 December 2014, contained a number of references from international and human rights law in support of its above made pronouncement. In addition to IPHRC Commissioners, the Seminar was attended and addressed by a number of international human rights experts in the field as well as OIC Member and Observer States. Besides reflecting on the substance of the matter, most participants commended the increased attention being paid to the negative impact of sanctions on human rights of peoples in particular vulnerable groups, within the United Nations.
IPHRC stressed that while the impact of sanctions , which is increasingly becoming complex, varies from one case to another, it always have severe consequences on the whole set of economic, social and cultural rights of the affected populations as well as those in Third countries. From that perspective, IPHRC welcomed the apt recommendation of the United Nations Committee on Economic Social and Cultural Rights contained in its general comment No.8 of 1997, which emphasizes that the international community must ensure a three pronged strategy while designing any sanctions regime i.e. a) respect for the human rights of the affected people; b) regular and effective system of monitoring and evaluation of the human rights impact of enforced sanctions; and c) both the imposing country/organization or the international community must take steps to offset any disproportionate sufferings of peoples in particular vulnerable groups.
The Outcome Document of the Seminar took note of the ongoing serious discussions on this topic within the UN Human Rights Council and expressed its full support to the recent establishment of the mandate of a Special Rapporteur on the subject. It also expressed its hope that establishment of this post would lead to comprehensive studies on the negative impacts of sanctions with specific focus on the full enjoyment of human rights by the affected populations in particular the vulnerable segments of those populations. IPHRC urged Human Rights Council to expedite the appointment of the Special Rapporteur and requested the international community to extend full support to the newly stablished special procedure.